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Hip

The hip joint connects torso and legs and consists of the acetabulum in the pelvic bone and the femoral head. All joint portions are covered with a cartilaginous sliding layer and are enclosed by the joint capsule. The synovial membrane produces a liquid that nurtures the cartilage which in the end serves as kind of a shock absorber. As more than half of the femoral head lies within the bony-connective-tissue socket you can also talk of nut lying in its shell.  

Cartilage
All joint portions are covered with a cartilage cover.

Labrum
This ring-shaped cartilaginous sealing forms the edge of this bony socket.

Capsule
The joint is enclosed by a connective-tissue capsule whose inner layer – the synovia – permanently produces the so-called synovial fluid.

Ligaments
The joint capsule is stabilized by strong ligament structures. Joint capsule, ligaments and surrounding musculature keep the joint in its position.

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